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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

State Safety Oversight (SSO) Program

Safety officers attend demonstration at Maryland Transit Administration in Baltimore

The purpose of the State Safety Oversight program is to oversee safety at rail transit systems. The SSO program is administered by eligible states with rail transit systems in their jurisdiction. FTA provides federal funds through the SSO Formula Grant Program for eligible states to develop or carry out their SSO programs. Under 49 U.S.C. Section 5329(e), as amended by the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21), FTA is required to certify each state’s program to ensure compliance with MAP-21. Review the list of SSO agencies.

What's New

Risk-Based Inspection Programs

On October 21, 2022, FTA issued Special Directives to all State Safety Oversight Agencies (SSOAs, the agencies that oversee safety at rail transit systems, to develop and implement a risk-based inspection program in accordance with changes to FTA’s Public Transportation Safety Program as required by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law. A risk-based inspection program uses qualitative and quantitative data analysis to inform inspection activities and is designed to prioritize safety concerns and hazards associated with the highest levels of risk.

FTA developed a toolkit to help in the development and implementation of risk-based inspection programs. The Risk-Based Inspection Program toolkit provides a guide to help SSOAs develop risk-based inspection programs that meet the requirements of FTA’s Special Directive on Risk-Based Inspections and the National Public Transportation Safety Program.

SSO Certification

Two-Hour Accident Notification Guide

State Safety Oversight Final Rule

Training

Webinar: Guide to Meeting Technical Training Plan Requirements for SSO Agencies (June 10, 2015)

SSO Formula Grant Program

Advisories and Technical Assistance

Last updated: Thursday, January 5, 2023