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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

Transit Safety & Oversight (TSO)


FTA administers a national transit safety program and compliance oversight process to advance safe, reliable, and equitable transit service throughout the United States. The Office of Transit Safety and Oversight helps to increase transit safety through:

  • Policy development
  • Hazard investigation
  • Data collection
  • Risk analysis
  • Oversight programs 
  • Information sharing

What's New

FTA Safety Advisory 23-1: Bus-to-Person Collisions

On September 19, 2023, FTA issued Safety Advisory 23-1: Bus-to-Person Collisions in the Federal Register to recommend that transit agencies consider mitigation strategies to reduce the likelihood and severity of bus collisions with pedestrians, bicyclists and micromobility users. Access FTA’s Bus-to-Person Collisions and Safety Risk Management websites for further information and resources.

Rail Grade Crossing Safety Resources for Transit Agencies

On September 18, 2023, FTA launched a new Rail Grade Crossing Safety website that curates helpful information and resources for the transit industry.

Fiscal Year 2024 Safety Training Schedule Now Available

The Safety Training Schedule for Fiscal Year 2024 is now publicly available. Safety training plays an important role in creating safer transit systems across America. The training schedule includes both instructor-led and self-guided courses, additional in-person offerings, and courses that meet  Public Transportation Safety Certification Training Program (PTSCTP) regulation training requirements.

2023 FTA Joint State Safety Oversight (SSO) and Rail Transit Agency (RTA) Workshop

The 2023 FTA Joint SSO and RTA Workshop brings together SSO staff and RTA safety officers to participate in FTA-led sessions on rail transit system safety, oversight responsibilities, and other FTA safety policy and program updates.  With most sessions in-person and select sessions virtual, this workshop will focus on effective working relationships among the SSOs, RTAs, and FTA. FTA is hosting this workshop on Tuesday, November 14, 2023, from 8:00 AM–4:30 PM Central Time, Wednesday, November 15, 2023, from 8:00 AM–4:30 PM Central Time and Thursday, November 16, 2023, from 8:00 AM–4:30 PM Central Time. 

National Roadway Safety Strategy

The U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Roadway Safety Strategy (NRSS) outlines the Department’s comprehensive approach to reversing the rise in traffic fatalities and serious injuries on the nation’s highways, roads, and streets. The NRSS follows through on the Department’s commitment to safety through priority actions that target the most significant and urgent problems in roadway safety. Click here for more information about FTA’s involvement in the NRSS Call to Action.

National Public Transportation Safety Plan

On May 31, 2023, FTA published a Federal Register Notice regarding proposed updates to FTA’s National Public Transportation Safety Plan (NSP). The NSP serves as FTA’s primary guidance document to improve transit safety performance. The public comment period closed on July 31, 2023. 

Public Transportation Agency Safety Plans Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

On Wednesday, April 26, 2023, FTA published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) in the Federal Register proposing new requirements for the Public Transportation Agency Safety Plans (PTASP) regulation. The public comment period closed on June 26, 2023.

  • FTA hosted a webinar on Wednesday, May 10 from 2:00 pm–3:00 pm ET to discuss proposed new requirements for the PTASP regulation and how the public can submit comments to the Federal Register on the proposed changes. 

National Transit Database

On February 23, 2023, FTA finalized changes to the National Transit Database (NTD) safety and security reporting requirements. FTA has adopted two significant changes to data collected on transit worker assaults and bus impact fatalities.

USDOT Announces Appointments to the 2022–2024 Transit Advisory Committee for Safety

On December 15, 2022, Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg announced the appointment of 24 members to the FTA’s 2022–2024 Transit Advisory Committee for Safety (TRACS).  

TRACS comprises a diverse cross section of the transit industry, including large and small bus and rail operators, state safety oversight agencies, labor unions, academia, and other industry representatives. Members serve a two-year appointment.  

The committee provides information, advice, and recommendations on transit safety and other issues as determined by the Secretary of Transportation and the FTA Administrator.

FTA Issues Safety Advisory 22-4

On December 7, 2022, FTA published a Federal Register Notice to alert transit agencies of the issuance of Safety Advisory 22-4: Suicide Prevention Signage on Public Transit. The advisory encourages transit agencies to implement, update, or expand suicide prevention signage and messaging campaigns that apply best practices for reducing suicide attempts.  

FTA Issues Safety Advisory 22-3

On November 28, 2022, FTA published a Federal Register Notice to alert transit agencies of the issuance of Safety Advisory 22-3: Steering Gearbox Bolt Failure. The advisory recommends that transit agencies identify Nova Bus models manufactured in 2018 or later that use a Bosch steering gearbox affixed to the vehicle frame through a mounting plate and perform inspections, as recommended by Nova Bus. In addition, FTA recommends that any transit agency that identifies buses equipped with this mounting plate assembly submit a summary of their findings to FTA.

FTA Issues Reminder on Compliance Date for Safety Committee Approval of Updated Agency Safety Plan

On November 9, 2022, FTA issued a reminder to public transportation agencies that receive Section 5307 funding and serve urbanized areas with a population of 200,000 or more (large urbanized areas) to remind them of the December 31, 2022, compliance date for safety committee review and approval of their updated Agency Safety Plan (ASP). The Bipartisan Infrastructure Law requires that applicable agencies establish a safety committee that must have an equal number of frontline employee representatives and management representatives, and that the safety committee approve the agency’s ASP and any updates to the ASP. As stated in the February 2022 Dear Colleague Letter, if a transit agency is not yet compliant with the new PTASP requirements, the FTA expects the safety committee to approve any updates to the agency’s ASP, incorporating applicable PTASP requirements in Section 5329(d), by December 31, 2022.

FTA Issues Special Directives on Risk-Based Inspection Programs to State Safety Oversight Agencies

On October 21, 2022, FTA issued special directives to all State Safety Oversight Agencies (SSOA), which oversee safety at rail transit systems, to develop and implement a risk-based inspection program in accordance with changes to FTA’s Public Transportation Safety Program as required by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law. Risk-based inspection programs use qualitative and quantitative data analysis to inform ongoing inspection activities and are designed to prioritize inspections to address safety concerns and hazards associated with the highest levels of safety risk.