The Federal Transit Administration (FTA) drives public transportation innovation research to promote economic competitiveness, environmental sustainability, and improve the quality of life in communities through public transportation systems and services. FTA leads innovative research in safety, asset management/innovation, and mobility. FTA research projects:
- assess new operational processes
- improve traveler experiences
- test systems that monitor rider and passenger safety
- fund demonstration grants for low or no emissions buses that reduce emissions and energy use
- expand public/private partnerships to enhance mobility
FTA research involves broad and collaborative engagement across many organizations to involve riders, transportation providers, public and private industry associations, universities, centers of excellence, nonprofit organizations, private organizations and federal partners.
FTA conducts research to improve public transportation safety to reduce transit-related fatalities and injuries. FTA is creating a system to measure transit safety to gain a better understanding of the state of the industry. FTA will ensurepublic transportation efficiency, safety and reliability with projects focused on:
- emerging transit safety issues
- safety-enhancing practices, technologies, and programs
- bus fleet safety issues associated with alternative fuels (e.g., hydrogen, natural gas, propane, and electric, etc.)
- traveler, pedestrian, and bicycle safety practices and policies.
FTA’s mobility research is improving public transportation services through adaption to new mobility options that increase geographic coverage and service times, address “last mile” issues for travelers, and ensure accessibility. FTA’s Mobility on Demand (MOD) research initiative is expanding public-private partnerships and enhancing traveler experience through technology enabledseamless, effective integration across transportation modes. FTA’s research efforts support FTA and DOT initiatives such as: Mobility on Demand Sandbox, Rides to Wellness, Accessibility Transportation Technologies Research Initiative (ATTRI), and the Bicycle and Pedestrian initiative. These programs aim to:
- Improve multi-modal connectivity
- Address accessibility issues through application of innovative technologies and practices
- Improve the quality of the traveler experience and the transit product
- Identify new mobility-enhancing practices and technologies
FTA furthers safety and reliability through asset management, which combines innovation and technology to keep transit’s complex infrastructure in good working order. FTA continues its commitment to encourage sustainable alternative technology to reduce costs and emissions. The Low or No Emission Vehicle Deployment Program, which was authorized as a deployment program under MAP-21 and is now a capital program authorized in the 2015 FAST Act, provides $55 million a year in funding for transit agencies to acquire, construct or lease zero-emission and low-emission transit buses. FTA is continuing to research zero emission technology and the market for alternative buses. FTA aims to:
- Conduct research, develop, and deploy zero-emission transit vehicles, facilities and technologies
- Identify innovative and sustainable use of transit vehicles and services through practices and technologies
- Develop partnerships with other federal agencies involved in energy and environmental research
FTA’s Transit Cooperative Research Program
The Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) funds applied research for practitioners in the transit industry. TCRP is the cooperative effort of FTA, the Transportation Research Board (TRB), and the Transit Development Corporation, Inc., an arm of the American Public Transportation Association (APTA). FTA administers this program through a Cooperative Agreement with the TRB. For more information about TCRP, contact us.
Public Transit Innovative Workforce Development and Training
As transit ridership continues to grow, requiring new vehicles, new service, and more efficient, environmentally sensitive systems, FTA supports the next generation of public transit workers with national innovative workforce development programs and training through its National Transit Institute. The initiatives are intended to strengthen the workforce with the skills they need to build, maintain, and repair new technology.
FTA’s workforce development projects develop or expand partnerships with transit agencies, labor unions, nonprofits, and academic institutions, and in the future will support small transit-oriented businesses owned by women and minorities. In addition, several projects will serve as scalable models that can be applied to future projects throughout the United States.
Under MAP-21 and prior authorizations, FTA has invested nearly $20 million in workforce development programs. The FAST Act authorizes FTA to continue its innovative workforce development program, with a focus on the frontline transit workforce. The FAST Act also authorizes formula grant recipients to use a percentage of their funds to support workforce development programs.
National Transit Institute (NTI)
FTA funds the National Transit Institute, at Rutgers University, to develop, promote and deliver training and education programs for the public transit industry. Established in 1991, NTI promotes, develops and delivers programs and materials through cooperative partnerships with industry, government, institutions and associations. Courses in federal compliance are designed to help grantees understand processes and learn tools to remain compliant with federal regulations. For more information about NTI, contact us.