Mobility on Demand (MOD) Sandbox Program
- FTA supports U.S. DOT’s Smart Cities initiative through the Accelerating Innovative Mobility (AIM), Enhancing Mobility Innovation (EMI), Integrated Mobility Innovation (IMI), and Mobility on Demand (MOD) Sandbox programs and partnership with the Shared-Use Mobility Center. Smart, connected communities improve quality of life through innovative technologies, fostering partnerships, and leveraging data to enhance equitable, accessible mobility for all.
- In April 2022, FTA published the Mobility on Demand (MOD) Sandbox Demonstration: Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority (PSTA) Public- Private-Partnership for Paratransit Evaluation report that presents the results of an independent evaluation of the Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority (PSTA) Public-Private-Partnership for Paratransit Demonstration project.
- In December 2021, FTA published the Mobility on Demand (MOD) Sandbox Demonstration: City of Palo Alto and Bay Area Fair Value Commuting Evaluation report that presents the results of an independent evaluation of the City of Palo Alto and Bay Area Fair Value Commuting (FVC) Mobility on Demand (MOD) Sandbox Demonstration implemented in the Bay Area.
The MOD Sandbox Program is a foundational element of FTA’s strategic research focus on mobility innovation. Advancing towards the vision of MOD and carefree mobility, the Sandbox allows communities to creatively leverage a range of mobility options from bike- and car-sharing systems to demand-responsive bus services. The program integrates payment systems as part of a suite of concepts, technologies, and solutions with the potential to advance the Complete Trips for All vision that sits at the center of FTA’s mobility innovation research efforts.
The program connects people to their communities, mitigates socio-economic disparities, advances racial equity, and promotes affordable access to opportunity. For example, the program has allowed community college students to access night classes after the local buses stop running, made it possible for travelers with disabilities to travel more spontaneously, increased carpooling to transit stations, connected rural communities, and provided useful mobility options in areas where bus service was not available.
The goals of FTA’s MOD Sandbox Program are to:
- Improve transportation efficiency by promoting agile, responsive, accessible and seamless multimodal service inclusive of transit through enabling technologies and innovative partnerships
- Increase transportation effectiveness by ensuring that transit is fully integrated and a vital element of a regional transport network that provides consistent, reliable and accessible service to every traveler
- Enhance the customer experience by providing each individual equitable, accessible, traveler-centric service leveraging public transportation’s long-standing capability and traditional role in this respect
The primary objectives of the MOD Sandbox Program are to:
- Enhance transit industry preparedness for MOD
- Assist the transit industry with integrating MOD practices into existing transit service
- Validate the technical and institutional feasibility of innovative MOD business models, and document MOD best practices that may emerge from the demonstrations
- Measure the impacts of MOD on travelers and transportation systems
- Examine relevant public sector and federal requirements, regulations and policies that may support or impede transit sector adoption of MOD
Eligible activities include all activities leading to the demonstration of the innovative MOD and transit integration concept, such as planning and developing business models, obtaining equipment and service, acquiring/developing software and hardware interfaces to implement the project, and operating the demonstration.
Eligible recipients are providers of public transportation, including public transit agencies, state/local government DOTs, and federally recognized Indian tribes. Each recipient must identify one or more strategic project partner(s) with a substantial interest and involvement in the project.
Eligible project partners may include, but are not limited to:
- Private for-profit and not-for-profit organizations, including shared use mobility providers, and technology system suppliers
- Operators of transportation services, such as employee shuttle services, airport connector services, university transportation systems, or parking and tolling authorities
- State or local government entities
- Other organizations that may contribute to the success of the project team including consultants, research consortia or not-for-profit industry organizations, and institutions of higher education
Public Transportation Innovation (49 U.S.C. § 5312)
Allocation of Funding
The MOD Sandbox projects are funded under FTA’s Public Transportation Innovation (49 U.S.C. § 5312). A total of $8 million was allocated in October 2016.
The federal share of project costs under this program is limited to 80 percent. Proposers may seek a lower federal contribution. The applicant must provide the local share of the net project cost in cash, or in-kind, and must document in its application the source of the local match.
The Transportation Technical Assistance Coordination Library (TACL) provides a sustainable methodology and platform to access resources across a diverse range of transportation technical assistance centers and FTA. Participating FTA-funded technical assistance centers include:
- National Aging and Disability Transportation Center (NADTC)
- National Center for Applied Transit Technology (N-CATT)
- National Center for Mobility Management (NCMM)
- National Rural Transit Assistance Program (National RTAP)
- Shared-Use Mobility Center (SUMC)
Researchers will assess each of the 11 MOD Sandbox Program projects based on performance measures provided by the project partners, as well as an independent evaluation. Each report will address the project evaluation approach, process, data collection, and analyses.