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Transit Automation Research Resources

Through the implementation of the Strategic Transit Automation Research (STAR) Plan, FTA’s Office of Research, Demonstration and Innovation is developing resources on automated bus transit. These resources are indexed below.

Type Resource
Report 

An Evaluation of the Valley Metro–Waymo Automated Vehicle RideChoice Mobility on Demand Demonstration - August 2021

This report documents the evaluation of Valley Metro Regional Public Transportation Authority's (Valley Metro) pilot that used Waymo autonomous vehicles (AVs) as certified vehicles for Valley Metro’s RideChoice program, a subsidized curb-to-curb individual mobility service (via taxi or ride-hailing services) for paratransit-certified people under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and for older adults age 65 and over living in Greater Phoenix. FTA funded the evaluation as a part of FTA’s Mobility on Demand (MOD) Sandbox program.  The project was one of the Strategic Partnerships outlined in FTA’s Strategic Transit Automation Research (STAR) Plan.

Quarterly Update

Transit Bus Automation Quarterly Update - June 2021

This document highlights transit bus automation activities from the second quarter of calendar year 2021 (April – June).

Report 

Survey Research for Automated Shuttle Pilots: Issues and Challenges - May 2021

This report reviews survey development approaches used by recent projects and provides discussion for the development of future surveys across three key areas—survey population, survey approach, and questionnaire design.

Report 

Insurance and Liability for Automated Transit Buses: State of the Practice Review - April 2021

This report provides an overview of the state of the practice related to insurance and liability for automated transit buses and discusses the options available and the process to secure a policy, based on interviews with and information from insurance industry representatives and stakeholders.

Quarterly Update

Transit Bus Automation Quarterly Update - March 2021

This document highlights transit bus automation activities from the first quarter of calendar year 2021 (January to March).

Report

Assessing Transit Providers’ Internal Business Case for Transit Bus Automation - February 2021

This report explores how transit providers make decisions and assess their internal business case for transit bus automation. It aims to inform transit agencies and other transit industry stakeholders interested in understanding how agencies are approaching automation decisions.

Quarterly Update

Transit Bus Automation Quarterly Update - December 2020

This document highlights transit bus automation activities from the fourth quarter of calendar year 2020 (October – December).

Quarterly Update

Transit Bus Automation Quarterly Update - September 2020

This document highlights transit bus automation activities from the third quarter of calendar year 2020 (July – September).

Report

Transit Bus Automation Market Assessment - July 2020

This market assessment communicates the current availability, capabilities, and limitations of automated transit bus technologies and systems at all automation levels.  The report aims to inform transit agencies and other transit industry stakeholders interested in understanding the current transit bus automation market. This report was originally published in October 2019 and an addendum was added to update the report in July 2020.

Quarterly Update

Transit Bus Automation Quarterly Update - June 2020

This document highlights transit bus automation activities from the second quarter of calendar year 2020 (April – June).

Report

Hazard and Safety Analysis of Automated Transit Bus Applications - April 2020

This research applies hazard analysis techniques to identify high-level hazards associated with automated transit bus applications, such as entering/exiting bus stops and embarking/disembarking passengers and provides generic risk mitigation functions that may facilitate the safe deployment of automated transit buses.

Report

Transit Bus Automation: State and Local Policy Scan Final Report - April 2020

This report documents the results of research and stakeholder interviews on State and local policies, with a focus on those that may pose challenges to, or require revision in light of, the deployment of transit bus automation technologies by U.S. transit agencies. Through this process, insight was also gained on State- and local-level perspectives regarding barriers and challenges that are relevant at the Federal level.

Quarterly Update

Transit Bus Automation Quarterly Update - March 2020

This document highlights transit bus automation activities from the first quarter of calendar year 2020 (January – March).

Quarterly Update

Transit Bus Automation Quarterly Update - December 2019

This document highlights transit bus automation activities from the fourth quarter of calendar year 2019 (October – December).

Report

Considerations for Evaluating Automated Transit Bus Programs - December 2019

This report offers guidance for transit agency consideration in evaluating deployments of transit bus automation technologies. This report seeks to inform transit agency officials on how to think about and design an appropriate evaluation, while also remaining aware of the constraints faced by agencies.

Case Study

Transit Automation Case Study: Valley Metro – December 2019

This case study describes Valley Metro’s pilot project to provide its RideChoice customers with on-demand service in automated vans.

Case Study

Transit Automation Case Study: Pierce Transit – December 2019

This case study describes Pierce Transit’s pilot project to test a prototype automatic emergency braking system in up to 30 of its transit buses.
Case Study

Transit Automation Case Study: Jacksonville Transportation Authority – December 2019

This case study describes Jacksonville Transportation Authority’s testing of multiple automated shuttle models as part of a longer-term project to modernize the Jacksonville Skyway automated people mover.

Webinar

Transit Bus Automation Market Assessment Webinar – November 2019

This webinar discusses the Transit Bus Automation Market Assessment report. Presenters discuss the state of automated transit bus technology in terms of its availability, capabilities, and limitations, and challenges to developing and commercializing automated vehicle technology for transit buses.

FAQs

Transit Bus Automation Policy FAQs - July 2019

This document contains a comprehensive list of frequently asked questions (FAQs) that can assist grantees and stakeholders when planning for or implementing transit bus automation activities.

Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet: Determining Requirements for Automated Transit Bus Test Facilities: Considerations for Practitioners - May 2019

This fact sheet summarizes the findings of the Determining Requirements for Automated Transit Bus Test Facilities: Considerations for Practitioners report, which lists 91 requirements that provide a resource and reference for selecting facilities with the appropriate and necessary characteristics for the testing of automated transit buses for all levels of automation.
Report

Determining Requirements for Automated Transit Bus Test Facilities: Considerations for Practitioners – February 2019

This report lists 91 requirements that provide a resource and reference for selecting facilities with the appropriate and necessary characteristics for the testing of automated transit buses for all levels of automation.
Fact Sheet

Transit Bus Automation Risks, Barriers, and Mitigations Fact sheet – February 2019

This fact sheet summarizes the potential risks, barriers, and mitigation strategies associated with the implementation of automation technologies in transit buses.
Fact Sheet

Transferability of Automation Technologies – October 2018

This fact sheet summarizes the findings of the Transferability of Automation Technologies report, which examined the feasibility of transferring automated systems technologies from light-duty vehicles and commercial trucks to diesel transit buses.
Report

Transferability of Automation Technologies – September 2018

This report examines the feasibility of transferring 13 current automated systems technologies from light-duty vehicles and commercial trucks to diesel transit buses.
Fact Sheet

Transit Bus Automation Overview Fact sheet – February 2018

This fact sheet provides an overview of transit bus automation and FTA’s transit automation research program.
Report

Strategic Transit Automation Research (STAR) Plan – January 2018

The STAR Plan outlines an FTA research agenda for transit bus automation over five years (2017-2022). The plan provides a framework for the transit industry to pursue transit bus automation in a safe, efficient and economically sound manner.
Webinar

Introducing FTA’s Strategic Transit Automation Research (STAR) Plan – December 2017

This webinar introduces FTA’s STAR Plan and provides an overview of the plan’s purpose, activities and goals.
Last updated: Wednesday, August 25, 2021