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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

Federal Programs that Support Public Transportation

Many federal programs provide funding for public transportation infrastructure and surrounding improvements.

Competitive Programs

The following programs are awarded through a competitive process. Please reference the program pages for information on how to apply.

Federal Loan Programs

The following loan programs are available to transit agencies and other entities and administered by the USDOT Build America Bureau.

Flexible Funding for Transit and Highway Improvements

Many federal-aid highway programs have specific eligible transit activities identified in legislation. In addition, funds from other programs that do not have specific transit eligibility may be transferred by states to other Federal-aid Highway programs that do have such eligibility.

  • Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ) program - The CMAQ program provides a flexible funding source to State and local governments for transportation projects and programs to help meet the requirements of the Clean Air Act.
  • Surface Transportation Block Grant (STBG) - The STBG program provides flexible funding to best address State and local transportation needs.
  • Tribal Transportation Program - The TTP supports safe and reliable transportation and public road access to and within Indian reservations, Indian lands, and Alaska Native Village communities.
  • National Highway Performance Program - NHPP provides support for the condition and performance of the National Highway System, supports the construction of new facilities, ensures that investments of Federal-aid funds in highway construction are directed to support progress toward the achievement of performance targets in a State's asset management plan, and supports activities to increase the resiliency of the nation’s highways.