Transit-oriented development, or TOD, includes a mix of commercial, residential, office and entertainment centered around or located near a transit station. Dense, walkable, mixed-use development near transit attracts people and adds to vibrant, connected communities.
Successful TOD depends on access and density around the transit station. Convenient access to transit fosters development, while density encourages people to use the transit system. Focusing growth around transit stations capitalizes on public investments in transit and provides many benefits, including:
- increased ridership and associated revenue gains for transit systems
- incorporation of public and private sector engagement and investment
- revitalization of neighborhoods
- a larger supply of affordable housing
- economic returns to surrounding landowners and businesses
- congestion relief and associated environmental benefits
- improved safety for pedestrians and cyclists through non-motorized infrastructure
TOD primarily occurs when regional or local governments encourage it through land use planning, zoning laws, and changes to building codes, among other things. When a TOD coincides with a federally funded transit project, FTA may provide financial assistance, technical assistance, training, and other resources to complement the regional or local TOD.
Watch our video, Linking People to Opportunity: FTA’s Role in Creating Complete Communities.