Public transportation plays an important role in reducing a community’s environment impacts from transportation and enhancing the quality of life for its residents. Public transportation can facilitate compact development, conserving land and decreasing travel demand, as well as reducing fuel use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that contribute to climate change.
- FTA Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Transit Projects: Programmatic Assessment: This programmatic assessment serves to (1) report on whether certain types of proposed transit projects merit detailed analysis of their GHG emissions at the project level and (2) be a source of data and analysis for FTA and its grantees to reference in future environmental documents for projects in which detailed, project-level GHG analysis is not vital.
- FTA's Transit Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimator v2.0 (2021) is a spreadsheet tool that allows users to estimate the partial lifecycle GHG emissions generated from the construction, operations, and maintenance phases of projects across select transit modes.
- Transit and Climate Change Adaptation: Synthesis of FTA-Funded Pilot Projects (2014): This report is a synthesis of the research funded through FTA’s Climate Change Adaptation Initiative to pilot climate adaptation projects in seven geographically-diverse locations, involving nine transit agencies. Each of the pilot studies sought to identify current and future climate hazards, assess transit system vulnerabilities, and develop adaptation strategies, as appropriate to the geography and the system, with regard to four primary areas: flooding and extreme precipitation; extreme heat; sea level rise; and tropical storms and hurricanes. Below are the seven individual climate adaptation pilot studies:
- Transit Climate Change Adaptation Assessment/Asset Management Pilot for the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority
- Sound Transit Climate Risk Reduction Project
- San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District (BART) Climate Change Adaptation Assessment Pilot
- Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority Climate Change Adaptation Pilot Project Report
- Gulf Coast Climate Change Adaptation Pilot Study - Final Report
- An Integrated Approach to Climate Adaptation at the Chicago Transit Authority
- A Vulnerability and Risk Assessment of SEPTA’s Regional Rail
- Flooded Bus Barns and Buckled Rails: Public Transportation and Climate Change Adaptation (2011): This report examines anticipated climate impacts on U.S. transit and climate change adaptation efforts by domestic and foreign transit agencies. It further examines the availability of vulnerability assessment, risk management, and adaptation planning tools as well as their applicability to public transportation agencies. The report provides examples of adaptation strategies and discusses how transit agencies might incorporate climate change adaptation into their organizational structures and existing activities such as asset management systems, planning, and emergency response.