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Grant Programs

The Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act was signed into law in December 2015. The act, which supports transit funding through fiscal year 2020, reauthorizes FTA programs and includes changes to improve mobility, streamline capital project construction and acquisition, and increase the safety of public transportation systems across the country. View FTA’s FAST Act highlights page.

The act’s five years of predictable formula funding enables transit agencies to better manage long-term assets and address the backlog of state of good repair needs. It also includes funding for new competitive grant programs for buses and bus facilities, innovative transportation coordination, workforce training, and public transportation research activities. Search the list of transit grant programs by keyword or type. Learn more by clicking on program titles.

Titlesort descending Description Type
Accelerating Innovative Mobility Accelerating Innovative Mobility (AIM) will highlight FTA’s commitment to support and advance innovation in the transit industry. Competitive
Access and Mobility Partnership Grants This program provides competitive funding to support innovative capital projects for the transportation disadvantaged that will improve the coordination of transportation services and non-emergency medical transportation services. Competitive
Better Utilizing Investments to Leverage Development (BUILD) Transportation Grants Program (formerly TIGER) US DOT’s Better Utilizing Investments to Leverage Development (BUILD) Transportation Discretionary Grants program funds investments in transportation infrastructure, including transit. Competitive
Capital Investment Grants - 5309 Provides funding through a multi-year competitive process for transit capital investments, including heavy rail, commuter rail, light rail, streetcars, and bus rapid transit. Federal transit law requires transit agencies seeking CIG funding to complete a series of steps over several years to be eligible for funding. Competitive
Enhanced Mobility of Seniors & Individuals with Disabilities - Section 5310 Formula funding to states for the purpose of assisting private nonprofit groups in meeting transportation needs of the elderly and persons with disabilities.
Flexible Funding Programs - Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program - 23 USC 149 CMAQ provides funding to areas in nonattainment or maintenance for ozone, carbon monoxide, and/or particulate matter. States that have no nonattainment or maintenance areas still receive a minimum apportionment of CMAQ funding for either air quality projects or other elements of flexible spending.  Funds may be used for any transit capital expenditures otherwise eligible for FTA funding as long as they have an air quality benefit. Formula
Flexible Funding Programs - National Highway Performance Program - 23 USC 119 Provides support for the condition and performance of the National Highway System (NHS), for the construction of new facilities on the NHS, and to ensure that investments of Federal funds in highway construction are directed to support progress toward the achievement of performance targets established in a State’s asset management plan for the NHS.  Formula
Flexible Funding Programs - Surface Transportation Block Grant Program - 23 USC 133 Provides funding that may be used by states and localities for a wide range of projects to preserve and improve the conditions and performance of surface transportation, including highway, transit, intercity bus, bicycle and pedestrian projects.  Formula
Formula Grants for Rural Areas - 5311 Provides capital, planning, and operating assistance to states to support public transportation in rural areas with populations less than 50,000, where many residents often rely on public transit to reach their destinations. Formula
Grants for Buses and Bus Facilities Formula Program - 5339(a) Provides funding to states and transit agencies through a statutory formula to replace, rehabilitate and purchase buses and related equipment and to construct bus-related facilities. In addition to the formula allocation, this program includes two discretionary components: The Bus and Bus Facilities Discretionary Program and the Low or No Emissions Bus Discretionary Program. Formula
Grants for Buses and Bus Facilities Program Provides funding through a competitive allocation process to states and transit agencies to replace, rehabilitate and purchase buses and related equipment and to construct bus-related facilities. The competitive allocation provides funding for major improvements to bus transit systems that would not be achievable through formula allocations. Competitive
Helping Obtain Prosperity for Everyone Program What's New U.S. Transportation Secretary Elaine L. Chao announced during a transit industry call on March 26 that deadlines for current FTA competitive grant programs will be extended for 30 days amid the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The deadline for the Helping Obtain Prosperity for Everyone (HOPE) Program Notice of Funding Opportunity is now June 3. Competitive
Human Resources & Training - 5314 (b) Provides for grants or contracts for human resource and workforce development programs as they apply to public transportation activities.   Formula
Low and No-Emission Component Assessment Program (LoNo-CAP) On September 29, 2016, FTA announced the opportunity for eligible institutions of higher education to apply for funding to conduct testing, evaluation, and analysis of low or no emission (LoNo) components intended for use in LoNo transit buses used to provide public transportation. The deadline for applications is November 28, 2016. Competitive
Low or No Emission Vehicle Program - 5339(c) Provides funding through a competitive process to states and transit agencies to purchase or lease low or no emission transit buses and related equipment, or to lease, construct, or rehabilitate facilities to support low or no emission transit buses. The program provides funding to support the wider deployment of advanced propulsion technologies within the nation’s transit fleet. Competitive
Metropolitan & Statewide Planning and NonMetropolitan Transportation Planning - 5303, 5304, 5305 Provides funding and procedural requirements for multimodal transportation planning in metropolitan areas and states. Planning needs to be cooperative, continuous, and comprehensive, resulting in long-range plans and short-range programs reflecting transportation investment priorities.  Formula
Mobility for All Pilot Program Grants This funding opportunity seeks to improve mobility options through employing innovative coordination of transportation strategies and building partnerships to enhance mobility and access to vital community services for older adults, individuals with disabilities, and people of low income. Competitive
Mobility on Demand (MOD) Sandbox Demonstration Program - 5312 Funds projects that promote innovative business models to deliver high quality, seamless and equitable mobility options for all travelers. Competitive
Passenger Ferry Grant Program - Section 5307 Provides competitive funding to public ferry systems in urbanized areas.   Competitive
Pilot Program for Transit-Oriented Development Planning – Section 20005(b) Provides funding to local communities to integrate land use and transportation planning with a transit capital investment that will seek funding through the Capital Investment Grant (CIG) Program.   Competitive
Positive Train Control Grants Program Authorized by the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act (Section 3028), the fiscal year 2017 Commuter Rail Positive Train Control Grant Program offers funding to states, local governments and transit agencies that operate commuter rail systems to install positive train control systems required under 49 U.S.C. 20157 (Implementation of positive train control systems). Competitive
Public Transportation Emergency Relief Program - 5324 Helps states and public transportation systems pay for protecting, repairing, and/or replacing equipment and facilities that may suffer or have suffered serious damage as a result of an emergency, including natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes, and tornadoes. It provides authorization for Section 5307 and 5311 funds to be used for disaster relief in response to a declared disaster. Formula
Public Transportation Innovation - 5312 Provides funding to develop innovative products and services assisting transit agencies in better meeting the needs of their customers.  Competitive
Real-Time Transit Infrastructure and Rolling Stock Condition Assessment Research and Demonstration Program Overview Competitive
Redesign of Transit Bus Operator Compartment to Improve Safety, Operational Efficiency, and Passenger Accessibility (Bus Operator Compartment) Program This program supports research projects to develop transit bus operator compartment designs that improve bus operator and public safety as well as bus operator access to vehicle instruments and controls without hindering the accessibility of passengers. Competitive
Rural Transportation Assistance Program - 5311(b)(3) Provides funding to states for developing training, technical assistance, research, and related support services in rural areas. The program also includes a national program that provides information and materials for use by local operators and state administering agencies and supports research and technical assistance projects of national interest.   Formula
State of Good Repair Grants - 5337 Provides capital assistance for maintenance, replacement, and rehabilitation projects of existing high-intensity fixed guideway and high-intensity motorbus systems to maintain a state of good repair. Additionally, SGR grants are eligible for developing and implementing Transit Asset Management plans.   Formula
Technical Assistance & Standards Development - 5314(a) Provides funding for technical assistance programs and activities that improve the management and delivery of public transportation and development of the transit industry workforce. Formula
Transit Cooperative Research Program - 5312(i) Research program that develops near-term, practical solutions such as best practices, transit security guidelines, testing prototypes, and new planning and management tools.  Competitive
Tribal Transit Formula Grants - 5311(c)(1)(B) Provides funding to federally recognized Indian tribes to provide public transportation services on and around Indian reservations or tribal land in rural areas.  Funding is provided as a set-aside within of the Formula Grants to Rural Areas program and allocated both by statutory formula and through a competitive discretionary program.  Formula
Urbanized Area Formula Grants - 5307 Provides funding to public transit systems in Urbanized Areas (UZA) for public transportation capital, planning, job access and reverse commute projects, as well as operating expenses in certain circumstances.   Formula
Zero Emission Research Opportunity (ZERO) On November 22, 2016, FTA announced the opportunity for nonprofit organizations to apply for funding to conduct research, demonstrations, testing, and evaluation of zero emission and related technology for public transportation applications.  Competitive
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